Enjoy weather and climate printable trivia quiz questions and answers free online tests. Differences in air pressure, temperature, and moisture from one location to another influence the weather. The Sun’s angle at any given location, which changes with latitude, may be the cause of these variations. The Hadley cell, Ferrel cell, polar cell, and jet stream are the four greatest-scale atmospheric circulations that result from the sharp temperature difference between polar and tropical air. Extratropical cyclones and other weather systems in the middle latitudes are brought on by instability in the jet stream movement. Share weather and climate printable trivia quiz questions and answers free online tests. The ecliptic, which is the plane on which Earth’s axis orbits, is slanted, so sunlight strikes the planet at various angles throughout the year. The average yearly temperature range on Earth’s surface is around 40 °C (40 °F to 104 °F). Changes in Earth’s orbit over thousands of years may impact the amount and distribution of solar energy received by Earth, which may have an impact on long-term climate and global climate change.
The climates in different places of the world vary. In certain regions of the world, it rains and is hot almost every day. They experience a humid tropical environment. The most of the year, some are chilly and blanketed with snow. Solve weather and climate printable trivia quiz questions and answers free online tests. Their climate is polar. Numerous additional climates that contribute to Earth’s biodiversity and geologic history may be found between the freezing poles and the sweltering tropics. A region’s climate system controls its climate. The atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the cryosphere, the land surface, and the biosphere are the five main parts of a climate system.
The climate system’s most unpredictable component is the atmosphere. As a result of both natural and man-made processes, the composition and movement of gases surrounding the Earth may vary dramatically. Temperature and salinity fluctuations are examples of changes to the hydrosphere that happen at far slower rates than changes to the atmosphere. Collect weather and climate printable trivia quiz questions and answers free online tests. Another typically reliable component of the climate system is the cryosphere. Ice sheets and glaciers reflect sunlight, and permafrost’s thermal conductivity has a significant impact on temperature. Additionally, the cryosphere controls thermohaline circulation. There is a significant impact on marine ecosystems and biodiversity from this “ocean conveyor belt.”
Average temperature and precipitation are perhaps the aspects of a region’s climate that people are most familiar with. Climates can also be identified by changes in day-to-day, day-to-night, and seasonal fluctuations. For instance, the annual temperature and precipitation in Beijing, China, and San Francisco, California, are comparable. Share weather and climate printable trivia quiz questions and answers free online tests. However, San Francisco and Beijing are quite different because to the daily and seasonal variations. Beijing experiences scorching summers and frigid winters, whereas San Francisco’s winters are not much colder than its summers. San Francisco experiences rainy winters and dry summers. Beijing experiences rainy summers and dry winters, reversing the traditional wet and dry seasons.
Wind, humidity, cloud cover, atmospheric pressure, and fogginess are examples of climate characteristics. Climate is significantly influenced by latitude. Regional climate may also be defined by the landscape. Climate may be affected by a region’s elevation, proximity to saltwater or freshwater, and land-use patterns. Latitude, height, terrain, proximity to the ocean, and geographic placement on a continent are just a few of the numerous variables that affect each climate. For instance, West Africa’s wet, tropical climate is impacted by the area’s proximity to the Equator (latitude) and location on the western part of the continent. Bookmark weather and climate printable trivia quiz questions and answers free online tests. The region, known as the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ, pronounced “itch”), is where moist trade winds converge and gets direct sunshine all year round. As a result, the area has a warm and wet environment.
Weather and climate quiz questions and answers
1. The coldest NFL football game ever played was the NFL Championship Game on December 31, 1967, in Green Bay, Wisconsin between
The Green Bay Packers and Dallas Cowboys when the temperature fell to -13F degrees.
2. Wind chill is the combination of wind and temperature and is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin such as that of a person or animal. True/ False?
3. What is Virga?
The rain doesn’t reach the ground
4. The Campbell-Stokes recorder measures what with a glass ball?
5. Cirrus is a cloud type, but what is its literal translation from Latin?
Lock of Hair
6. What is measured on the Torro scale?
7. What type of bad weather can stop the play of a game of golf?
8. What is measured with an ombrometer?
9. The Saffir-Simpson scale is used to measure the intensity of what?
10. Which is safest during a tornado?
In a ditch
11. Which kills more people every year?
12. Which type of cloud is highest in the atmosphere?
13. What line on a map connects places of equal rainfall?
14. From the Arabic mawsim meaning season, what word is derived?
15. What is the windiest place on earth?
Commonwealth Bay on the coast of Antarctica.
16. What does an anemometer measure?
17. Bognor Java gets on average 322 days annually with what occurrence?
18. Technically they are hydrometeors, but what is a more common name for them?
19. A 25 to 31 mph wind on the Beaufort scale is called what?
20. On average, 10 inches of snow melts down to about an inch of liquid rain. True/ False?
21. What are sprites, blur jets, and elves?
Thunderstorm electrical discharges
22. The costliest hurricane to make landfall was ________, a Category 5 storm that hit Louisiana in August of 2005. Damages cost an estimated $91 billion
23. The earth’s atmosphere is made up of what percentage of krypton?
24. The energy in an average _______ could power the United States for three years.
One day hurricane
25. What percentage of the people killed by lightning are male?
26. Although snow usually falls when the temperature near the ground is below freezing, there was once a report of snow showers at New York’s LaGuardia Airport with a surface temperature of what?
47 degrees F
27. The thickest ice found in Antarctica is in _______, where it reaches a depth of 15,669 feet (4,776 meters ).
28. The warmest temperature recorded in Antarctica was what was on January 5, 1974, at Vanda Station.
59 degrees F
29. A tornado that forms over water is called a Waterdevil. True/ False
30. Tefnut was the Egyptian goddess of what?
31. As the wind __________heat is carried away from the body at an accelerated rate, driving the body temperature down.
32. Which state averages about 16 snowstorms each year though only a few of those become all-out winter blizzards?
33. What are Ombrophobes afraid of?
34. What does a haboob create?
Sandstorm, it’s a desert wind.
35. What was the name of the first storm, on June 19, 1978, named after a man?
36. Cold air is heavier than warm air. True/ False?
37. On what day, the world record for a 1-minute rainfall total was set in the West Indies, 1.50 inches of rain fell in less than sixty seconds?
January 26, 1970.
38. To form golf-ball-sized hail, a storm’s updraft must be:
39. Winter of which year was so cold that ice was piled 20 feet high along the Delmarva Coast and stayed there until spring?
40. A person who studies the weather is called a
41. A pogonip is what type of weather condition?
Heavy winter fog with ice crystals.
42. In 1848, The London Daily News carried the world’s first what?
43. What is maintenance-free, and after initial costs, the lights are free to run?
Solar outdoor lighting
44. The Minnesota towns of International Falla and Embarrass often win the
“nation’s icebox” designation
45. The National Weather Service issues what when sustained wind speeds of 30 mph or higher or gusts of 40 mph or higher are expected or occurring?
A wind advisory
46. What sometimes falls from clear skies when temperatures are in the single digits or colder?
47. An eight on the Beaufort scale represents what?
48. Which type of cloud is most likely to produce rain?
49. What date was the warmest in a ten consecutive day period where the daytime temperature climbed above freezing? The mercury soared to 61 degrees?
Rockford, IL, Jan. 24, 1909
50. About what percent of death caused by exposure to cold (hypothermia), are to people over 60 years of age?
50% of deaths
51. Which place gets more rain than any other on average each year?
Lloro, Colombia averages 523.6 inches of rain per year, more than possibly anywhere else on earth. Mawsynram, India comes in as a close second with 467.4 inches.
52. You would need to melt 20-40 inches of dry snow in order to equal one inch of rain. True/ False?
53. The average precipitation in Antarctica is less than
2 inches per year
54. Which type of cloud produces lightning?
55. The science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena is called
56. In which year the upper portion of the Chesapeake Bay and the entire Potomac River was frozen solid?
57. Which time of day is the best for tornado development?
3:00pm – 6:00pm
58. Tornadoes do not form in temperatures lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit. True/ False?
59. Where does the wind speed reaches hurricane force (74 mph) on average every three days and often exceed 200 mph?
Commonwealth Bay on the coast of Antarctica.
60. What is a wind that is created by air flowing downhill?
61. A time of widespread glaciation in the prehistoric past is called
62. How much does a cloud weigh?
That depends on the size and type of cloud, but a 1 km x 1km x 1km (0.6 miles x 0.6 miles x0.6 miles) cumulus cloud weighs about 1.4 billion lbs.
69. What typically happens during the Arizona monsoon, lowering visibility from unlimited to less than 1/4 mile quicker than any other meteorological occurrence and posing a very dangerous situation for travel by air and land?
Violent dust storms (haboobs)
70. Where are surface temperatures always above 50F, there is snow. Between 1 and 2 feet of snow falls each year in the mountains above 5,000 feet?
71. What is the US record for the most snowfall in one day? In a 24-hour period from April 14th to
April 15th in 1921, Silver Lake, Colorado was showered with 75.8 inches of snow.
72. What is the US record for the most snowfall in one calendar day?
Georgetown, Colorado. On December 4, 1913, 63 inches of snow blanketed the city.
73. What area has the highest recorded temperature on earth at a sweltering 58C (136.4F) on the 13th of Sept 1922?
Al’Aziziyah in Libya
74. The greatest United States cold wave of the 20th century occurred during which time?
75. What was the first use of the term as it pertained to weather – appeared in an Estherville, Iowa newspaper?
76. Although it is possible to see snowflakes falling with temperatures in the upper 30s because it is much colder aloft where the snowflakes form, the heaviest snowfalls typically happen when the air temperature is just below freezing. True or false?
77. Lake Superior is so large that it creates-
its own weather.
78. Lake Superior maintains an average temperature of 39 degrees thus creating what natural weather itself?
A cooling effect in summer and a warming effect in winter.
79. The greatest 24-hour temperature decrease in the U.S. was 98 degrees; from 44 to -54 below zero in Browning, Montana in which year?
January 23-24, 1916
80. What is considered the driest area in the world?
The average annual rainfall in Chile’s Atacama Desert is 0.03 inches. In contrast, Yuma, Arizona, the driest city in the country, gets 3.17 inches of rain on average annually—about 100 times as much!
81. How much is the annual cost of snow removal for streets and highways in the U.S.?
Estimated $2 billion
82. What is El Nino?
El Nino is the term used to describe a warming of the Equatorial Pacific seas and a weakening of the Trade Winds across those waters. Peruvian fishermen discovered that the seas would periodically warm, the upwelling of cold water that supplied nutrients to the fish would stop, and the fish that consumed the nutrients would go. Because it seems to happen around Christmas, they gave it the name “El Nino” after the infant, Jesus Christ, giving it a religious significance.
83. What is La Nia?
A periodic cooling of the surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific during an ENSO phase is accompanied by a shift in convection farther west than the climatological average in the western Pacific. Worldwide weather patterns are impacted by several factors.
84. What part of the world sees more thunderstorms than any other?
The Island of Java, in Indonesia, has thunderstorms occurring an average of 322 days a year.
85. The ‘zero-point’ on whose scale was the lowest temperature he could attain with a mixture of ice, water, and salt?
German physicist Gabriel D. Fahrenheit in 1714
86. What never forms within 5 degrees latitude of the equator?
The Coriolis effect, which is the result of the earth’s rotation having an impact on winds and ocean currents, is too weak near the equator for hurricanes to form, even if the ocean temperatures there do grow warm enough to feed storms.
87. Where is the air pressure half of what it is at sea level?
more than 18,000 feet in altitude. As a result, it takes twice as many breaths to give the blood the same amount of oxygen, and exerting ourselves at higher altitudes makes us more easily exhausted.
88. The earth’s axis of rotation is tilted how many degrees off its orbital plane?
89. ‘Equinox’ is Latin for ‘equal night’ and refers to what?
when the sun is directly overhead the equator each year. But a few days before the equinox, most places will see equal day and night because the earth’s atmosphere distorts the sun’s light.
90. What is the world’s first weather satellite?
Tiros 1, was launched on April 1, 1960, and sent back thousands of images during its short life span of only 79 days.
91. What is Jet Stream?
Relatively strong winds are concentrated in a narrow stream in the atmosphere, normally referring to horizontal, high-altitude winds.
92. General weather patterns (hot/cold, wet/dry) are related closely to the position, strength, and orientation of the jet stream (or jet streams). True/ False?
93. How many thunderstorms occur in The U.S. every year,
Over 100,000 with over 16 million taking place across the world in a year.
94. The percentage of energy from the sun that is reflected by a surface is known as what?
Albedo. The total albedo of the earth averages about 30% but can vary from about 10% for dry soil to as much as 85% for fresh snow.
95. When a lightning strike decimated a soccer team, killing all 11 players but leaving the other squad unharmed, the survivors accused the other team of witchcraft?
The Democratic Republic of Congo
96. Who works with computer models, constantly adding new information to study the long-term changes in the atmosphere?
97. When it does not include wind-driven rain, what is the speed of raindrops?
Raindrops fall between 7 and 18 miles per hour (3 and 8 meters per second) in still air. The range in speed depends on the size of the raindrop.
98. What is the cause that breaks up raindrops?
Air friction when they exceed 18 miles per hour
99. The temperature in Tampa Bay and Miami, Florida has never exceeded
100. Lightning has been known to kill people talking on the telephone. True/ False?
101. What is the name of the showery precipitation that falls from cumulonimbus clouds in the shape of irregular pellets or balls of ice larger than 5 mm in diameter?
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