100 Questions and Answers about History for Challengers

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1. What is the oldest ocean in the world?


2. The bicycle was invented in 1839 by whom?

Kirkpatrick Macmillan

3. What is the Oldest Dog Ever?

An Australian cattle dog named Bluey is the oldest verified dog ever. Bluey was over 29 years old when he died in 1939.

4. John Loud invented the Ball Point Pen in which year?


5. What is the oldest mountain range in the United States?

Appalachian Mountains

6. Bicycle Tyres was invented in 1888 by whom?

John Boyd Dunlop

7. What is the Oldest Cave Art ever discovered?

The cave art in El Castillo cave in Cantabria Spain is over 40,800 years old, about 275 separate figures, including horses, bison, doe, aurochs, stags, goats, a mammoth, and the outlines of human hands by Neanderthals.

8. Who invented Insulin in 1923?

Sir Frederick Banting

9. Ends the Irish War of Independence and created the Irish Free State were hed according to which treaty?

Franco-Polish alliance (1921)

10. John Fitch invented Steam Boat in which year?


11. What was the outcome of the Treaty of Kulja (1851)

China and Russia establish commercial relations

12. J.E. Lundstrom invented Safety Match in which year?


13. Who invented the Jet Engine in 1936?

Hans Von Ohain

14. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice was awarded Nobel Prize in 2020 in Medicine for

Discover the Hepatitis C virus

15. Dr. Albert H. Taylor & Leo C. Young invented Radar in which year?


16. Robert H. Goddard invented PetRocket Engine in which year?


17. What is the outcome of the Peace of Prague (1866)?

Ends Austro-Prussian War

18. Charles Richter invented the Richter Scale in which year?


19. Who invented the Locomotive in 1804?

Richard Trevithick

20. Bilateral treaty for regional issues; including, military, cultural, and political issues. With special attention being given to defense politics is the outcome of which treaty?

Treaty of Aachen (2019)

21. Who invented Laser in 1960?

Dr. Charles H. Townes

22. Who discovered that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity and received the Nobel Prize in 2020 in Physics?

Roger Penrose

23. Who invented the Motorcycle in 1848?

Edward Butler

24. Who invented the Microscope in 1590?

Zacharis Janssen

25. Who invented Printing Press in 1440?

Johannes Gutenberg

26. The United States buys Alaska from Russia through Alaska Purchase signed in


27. Who invented the Periodic Table in 1869?

Dmitri Mendeleev

28. Ends the First Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta took place according to which treaty?

Thirty Years’ Peace (445 BC)

29. Who invented the Pacemaker in 1952?

Dr. Paul Zoll

30. Ends Red Cloud’s War held by which treaty?

Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)

31. Who invented the Submarine in 1776?

David Bushnell

32. Which treaty was held between Mexico and the Republic of Texas, establishing the independence of Texas?

Treaties of Velasco (1836)

33. Who invented the Stethoscope in 1816?

Rene Laennec

34. Who invented the Saxophone in 1846?

Adolphe Sax

35. Ends Austro-Prussian War held by which treaty?

Peace of Prague (1866)

36. Who invented Sewing Machine in 1846?

Elias Howe

37. Who invented Otto Wichterle in 1961?

Soft Contact lenses

38. What are the Five Power Defence Arrangements signed in 1971?

A security agreement between Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, and the United Kingdom.

39. Who invented the Synthesizer in 1964?

Dr. Robert Arthur Moog

40. Karl Benz invented Petrol for Motor Card in which year?


41. Alexander Fleming invented Penicillin in which year?


42. In 1975, which treaty divides the Free Territory of Trieste between Italy and Yugoslavia?

Treaty of Osimo

43. James Harrison invented the Refrigerator in which year?


44. Who invented the Microphone in 1876?

Alexander Graham Bell

45. Establishes the European Union took place by Maastricht Treaty signed in


46. Who invented Oxygen in 1775?

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

47. Convention on Cybercrime treaty prohibits the use of computers or networks as tools for criminal activity signed in


48. Who invented the Piano in 1700?

Bartolomeo Cristofori

49. RadiumMarie & Pierre Curie invented Radium in which year?


50. J.C Perier invented Steam Ship in which year?


51. In which era, people used to take pictures of their dead relatives in lifelike positions to keep as mementos?

Victorian England

52. In 1820 an entire town held a trial against which vegetable?


53. Ketchup was once actually sold as


54. Who were knocker-uppers?

Before alarm clocks became the norm, there were people who would literally knock on people’s window to wake them up in time for work.

55. Who kept a pet bear in his dormitory while studying at Cambridge?

Lord Byron

56. Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement, was founded in


57. The Declaration of Independence was signed on

July 4, 1776

58. The Constitution of the United States was written in


59. Which President purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803?

Thomas Jefferson

60. The Civil War was fought during which period?


61. In 1923, who died in the middle of a race – but still, won?

Frank Hayes, a jockey

62. What was used in 16th-century England to make colored dyes brighter and more effective?

Stale urine

63. Where were the opening shots of the American Revolution fired in April 1775?

Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts

64. What is the site where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were written?

Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

65. Which battle was the turning point of the American Revolution?

The Battle of Saratoga

66. The British defeat at which place by George Washington’s troops signaled the end of the American Revolution?

Yorktown, Virginia

67. Where were the first shots of the Civil War were fired?

Fort Sumter, in South Carolina.

68. Who would literally have his photos retouched to remove people that he didn’t like?


69. Between which centuries, a number of Buddhist monks successfully mummified themselves?

The 11th and 19th century

70. Which war dominated European geopolitics from 1947 to 1989?

The Cold War

71. What are the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the first six independent civilizations in the world?

The Norte Chico civilization in Peru

72. In the Paleozoic and Early Mesozoic eras, South America and Africa were connected in a landmass called


73. Classical antiquity began in Europe with the emergence of the city-states, the first was

Ancient Greece

74. The foreign policy named Big Stick Doctrine was initiated by whom?

Theodore Roosevelt

75. Which civilization established a trade network and developed agriculture by 900 BCE?

The Chavín, a South American preliterate civilization

76. What was the name of the capital of the Inca civilization?


77. What is the Iron Curtain?

A non-physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991

78. Who lived along the eastern coast of South America, from present-day Guayana to as far south as what is now Brazil?

The Arawak

79. Which extinct species of archaic humans from the Pleistocene migrated from Africa to Europe before the emergence of modern humans?

Homo erectus

80. The fall of the Roman Empire in AD 476 traditionally marks the start of

The Middle Ages

81. In 1494, Portugal and Spain, the two great maritime powers of that time, signed which treaty in the expectation of new lands being discovered in the west?

The Treaty of Tordesillas

82. The earliest appearance of anatomically modern people in Europe has been dated to 35,000 BC, usually referred to as

The Cro-Magnon

83. During the 16th century, France suffered a series of conflicts known as

The French Wars of Religion

84. What is Buranji?

The written chronicles of Ahoms, a medieval kingdom of Assam, India.

85. What is absolute monarchy?

A system of government headed by a monarch was the only source of power, controlling all functions of the state.

86. Annales School was originated in which country?


87. What is the bourgeoisie?

The capitalist class that came to be known as the middle class, between the aristocracy and the working class.

88. What is Blitzkrieg?

German for “lightning war”. A military strategy used by the German Army at the beginning of World War II to achieve victory through a series of quick offensives.

89. In Britain, a period from about 2300 to 700 BCE when metal first began to be widely used, possibly as a result of the increase in contact with mainland Europe is called

Bronze Age

90. What is Bolsheviks?

A small, tightly organized, revolutionary Marxist group in early 20th-century Russia which split from the Russian Socialist movement in 1903 and was led by Vladimir Lenin.

91. What is the Bering Land Bridge

The vast tundra plain that was exposed as a land bridge between the continents of Asia and North America during the Last Glacial Maximum, about 21,000 years ago.

92. Stuart monarchy prevailed in Britain in which century in England, Scotland, Ireland, and its North American colonies?

17th century

93. Which war was a major war with France opposed by a coalition of England, the Netherlands, the Habsburg Monarchy, and Prussia?

The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1715)

94. Who was the king of Prussia during 1740–86?

Frederick the Great

95. In which year the French Revolution started?


96. Whose 100-day comeback in 1815 failed at the Battle of Waterloo, and he died in exile on a remote island?

Napoleon Bonaparte

97. What is the Reign of Terror?

A period of the French Revolution when a series of massacres and numerous public executions took place

98. What is September Massacres?

A series of killings of prisoners in Paris that occurred from 2–6 September 1792 during the French Revolution

99. What is an artifact?

Any material object associated with a culture, such as a tool, an article of clothing, or a prepared food item.

100. What is Avalonia?

A separate plate in the Early Paleozoic consisting of much of what is now Northern Europe, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and some coastal parts of New England.

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