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Geography quiz questions and solutions. Subject, Query, Reply. Africa, Which sound is exclusive to many African languages together with Xhosa?
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MCQ Geography Quiz Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which 100-mile long waterway links the Mediterranean and the Red Sea?
2. Which of the following is the Arabic word which refers to "Monsoon"
3. Which port city is called the Venice of the North?
4. In which country is the Aswan Dam?
5. Which volcano in Tanzania is the highest mountain in Africa?
6. Which Ocean is with maximum number of Islands?
7. In which region, it rains throughout the year
8. In which of the following ocean the largest mid-oceanic ridge is located
9. Which country, bordering Zaire, takes its name from the former name of the Zaire river?
10. In which region of the world 'Roaring Forties' blow
11. The region where the Amazon and the Congo river's traverse is
12. Which continent is divided into two halves by the equator?
13. Cirque is closely associated with
14. The cold ocean current along the South Western Coast of Africa is
15. What is the second largest rain forest area in the world?
16. An imaginary line drawn around the Earth parallel to the Equator that lies at a constant angular distance is called
17. Which is the second longest river in Africa?
18. Which country is the island of Zanzibar part of?
19. What is an archipelago?
20. The particular location of a point on the Earth's surface that can be expressed by a grid reference such as latitude and longitude is called
21. The tropical cyclone of Philippines is termed as
22. Which longitude forms the boundary line between Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
23. The Zambezi and which other river define the borders of Matabeleland?
24. Indus River makes the border between which two countries?
25. The Mediterranean region are characterized by heavy rain in
26. In and around which desert do the Bushmen live?
27. Sonoran Desert is situated in
28. Which of the following country don't share its border with Caspian sea
29. Which of the following is not the right combination about deserts?
30. In March of 2010, Jim Denevan and his crew created a large scale artwork on the frozen surface of
What are roaring forties, furious fifties and shrieking sixties?
32. What is a mixed woodland-grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close?
33. What is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.
34. What is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
35. In which ocean "Mindanao Trench" exists?
36. Both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn pass through
37. What is a coastal biome with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters?
38. Which of the following is the only volcanic peak in Antarctica
39. Which ocean resembles the letter ‘S’ in shape
40. The upper mantle of earth is made mostly of
41. In geology and physical geography, what is also called a high plain or a tableland, is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain, that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with deep hills.
42. The correct sequence of continents according to their descending area is
43. What is a large mass of wind-blown sand, and are most common in deserted environments, such as the Sahara, and also near beaches?
44. The average depth of the ocean is
45. The Tropic of cancer does not pass through which of the following countries
46. The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line on earth's surface demarcating the time zones and day and night. Where does the IDL run through?
47. Which strait is the main shipping channel between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, linking major Asian economies
Please select 3 correct answers
48. Which of the following country does not experience monsoon rainfall?
49. What is a low area between hills or mountains typically with a river running through it?
50. In physical geography, what is an eco-region characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.
In more recent years, geography has established itself as a distinct academic study. The word ‘geography’ comes from the Greek geographia, which means “Earth-writing,” or “description or writing about the Earth.” Eratosthenes (276–194 BC) was the first to use the term geography. Prior to the adoption of the term, however, there is evidence for identifiable practices of geography, such as cartography (map-making).
The Nile was the center of Ancient Egypt’s known world, and the world was built on “the” river. To the east and west, several oases were recognized, and they were thought to be the homes of various gods (e.g. Siwa, for Amon). The Kushitic area, which stretches all the way to the 4th cataract, was to the south. Punt was a territory on the Red Sea’s southern coast. Retenu, Kanaan, Que, Harranu, and Khatti were all names given to several Asiatic peoples (Hittites). Egyptians maintained diplomatic and trading contacts with Babylonia and Elam at various times, particularly during the Late Bronze Age. The Mediterranean was known as “the Great Green,” and it was thought to be part of a world-encompassing ocean.
Europe was unknown, however, it may have influenced the Egyptian worldview during the Phoenician period. The kingdoms of Keftiu, maybe Crete, and Mycenae lay to the west of Asia (thought to be part of a chain of islands, that joined Cyprus, Crete, Sicily, and later perhaps Sardinia, Corsica, and the Balearics to Africa).
The oldest known globe maps come from the 9th century BC in ancient Babylon. The Imago Mundi of 600 BC is the best-known Babylonian globe map. The map, as rebuilt by Eckhard Unger, depicts Babylon on the Euphrates, surrounded by a circular landmass including Assyria, Urartu, and many towns, which is encircled by a “bitter river” (Oceanus), which is ringed by seven islands organized in a seven-pointed star. Seven distant locations beyond the surrounding ocean are mentioned in the preceding text. Five of their descriptions have survived.
In contrast to the Imago Mundi, an older Babylonian globe map from the 9th century BC depicts Babylon as being further north from the world’s center, however, it’s unclear what that center represented.
Homer was regarded as the creator of geography by the ancient Greeks. The Iliad and the Odyssey are literary works, yet they both include a lot of geographical information. Homer depicts a planet that is encircled by one huge ocean. The paintings reveal that by the 8th century BC, the Greeks had a good understanding of the topography of the eastern Mediterranean. The poems feature a great number of place names and descriptions, although it is unclear which genuine site if any, is being referenced in many of them.
Thales of Miletus is thought to be one of the earliest philosophers to ponder the form of the world. He argued that the world was built on the foundation of water and that everything evolved from it. Many of the astronomical and mathematical laws that would allow geography to be studied scientifically were also spelled forth by him. Anaximander, his successor, is credited with being the first to attempt to build a scale map of the known globe and to have brought the gnomon to Ancient Greece.
Hecataeus of Miletus pioneered a new type of geography, rejecting Thales’ and Anaximander’s mathematical calculations in favor of collecting prior works and consulting with sailors passing through Miletus’ large harbor. He compiled a full literary narrative of what was known about the globe based on these tales. Herodotus’ Histories is a comparable book that has mostly survived to the present day. The book has a plethora of geographic descriptions encompassing most of the known globe while being essentially a work of history. Egypt, Scythia, Persia, and Asia Minor are all mentioned, with India included. The depiction of Africa as a whole is debatable, with Herodotus depicting a region surrounded by water.
Though he claimed the Phoenicians circumnavigated Africa in the 6th century BC, the Indian Ocean was regarded to be an inland sea throughout most of subsequent European history, with the southern half of Africa looping around in the south to link with the eastern part of Asia. Western cartographers did not totally forsake this until Vasco da Gama circumnavigated Africa. However, some argue that the depictions of places like India are mainly made up. Regardless, Herodotus made several crucial geographical observations. He was the first to notice the process by which huge rivers, such as the Nile, form deltas, and he was also the first to notice that winds move from colder to warmer locations.
Pythagoras is credited with being the first to suggest a spherical universe, claiming that the sphere was the most ideal shape. Plato endorsed this theory, and Aristotle gave actual data to back it up. He observed that the Earth’s shadow during a lunar eclipse is curved from any angle (near the horizon or high in the sky) and that as one proceeds north, the height of stars increases. The notion of a sphere was utilized by Eudoxus of Cnidus to describe how the sun formed different climatic zones based on latitude. As a result, the Greeks believed that the globe was divided into five sections.
There was an uncomfortably chilly zone at each pole. Extrapolating from the heat of the Sahara, the area near the equator was found to be excruciatingly hot. Both the northern and southern hemispheres possessed a temperate band suited for human settlement between these extreme locations.
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