200 Weather Trivia Questions Every Expert Knows

weather trivia

This weather trivia is a huge collection of printable facts in the form of weather trivia. Weather is the day-to-day or hour-to-hour change within the environment.

Weather trivia. Weather consists of wind, lightning, storms, hurricanes, tornadoes, rain, hail, snow, and plenty of extras. Power from the Solar impacts the climate reflected on weather trivia. Methods to measure weather are wind velocity, wind path, temperature, barometric strain, and humidity like this weather trivia.

Let’s look at this 200 weather trivia

1. During this phase of the water cycle, water changes from a liquid state to a gas form.

Evaporation

2. Hurricanes are also known as what?

Tropical cyclones

3. Is cold air high or low pressure?

Cold air is denser and creates greater air pressure

4. The first real medical thermometer was invented by

Sir Thomas Allbut in 1867

5. What is the movement of air called?

Wind

6. What is the composition of air?

By volume, dry air contains 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, 0.93% argon, 0.04% carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases. Air also contains a variable amount of water vapor, on average around 1% at sea level, and 0.4% over the entire atmosphere.

7. Extreme values such as record high temperatures or record amounts of rainfall are a part of what?

Climate

8. What are the 4 types of weather?

Types of weather include sunny, cloudy, rainy, windy, and snowy.

9. How is high pressure formed?

As the air cools it descends, leading to high pressure at the surface.

10. What are the 6 seasons?

Spring, Autumn, Winter, Summer, Monsoon, and prevernal season.

11. Why the air is moving?

Air moves due to a difference in air pressure which can be caused by different temperatures

12. Whereas weather refers to short-term changes in the atmosphere, climate describes what the weather is like over a long period of time in a specific area. True/ False?

True

13. What is the criterion of the dry wind?

A combination of air temperature, relative humidity, and wind velocity.

14. What wind is nicknamed a snow eater?

Foehn air

15. What are the six types of weather conditions?

Temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness.

16. What is affected by temperature, pressure, humidity, cloudiness, wind, precipitation, rain, flooding, ice storms?

Weather

17. What is affected by humidity, temperature, sunshine, wind?

Climate

18. What is a hot wind called?

Sirocco

19. Which wind is known as Doctor?

Harmattan wind

20. Short bursts of high speed wind are termed what?

Gusts

21. Strong winds of intermediate duration (around one minute) are termed what?

Squalls

22. What winds have various names associated with their average strength, such as breeze, gale, storm, and a hurricane?

Long-duration

23. What is a dry wind?

The dry wind is a part of a greater natural phenomenon—drought

24. How is high pressure formed?

As air warms it ascends, leading to low pressure at the surface.

25. Sunshine, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, sleet, freezing rain, flooding, blizzards, ice storms, thunderstorms, steady rains from a cold front or warm front, excessive heat, heat waves, etc are part of what?

Weather

26. Is hot air high or low pressure?

Since warm air is less dense and creates less air pressure, it will rise

27. The varying amounts of sunlight around the Earth during the year, creates what?

The seasons

28. What is the average of that weather called?

Climate

29. You can expect snow in the Northeast in January or for it to be hot and humid in the Southeast in July. This is what?

Climate

30. What is the most important reason why seasons occur?

The tilt of the Earth’s AXIS

31. When warm air rises, cooler air will often move in to replace it, so wind often moves

From areas where it’s colder to areas where it’s warmer.

32. What can help to forecast changes in the weather?

Pressure tendency

33. What scientific apparatus measures wind speed?

Anemometer

34. One twenty minute thunderstorm can drop over how much water?

125,000,000 gallons

35. Clouds that are ahead of the warm front are mostly

Stratiform

36. Name the phase of the water cycle where water vapor collects on dust particles and forms clouds.

Condensation

37. What is the term fora strong storm that have heavy snow and wind?

Blizzard

38. What tool is used to measure changes in air pressure?

Barometer

39. The zone where a cold air mass is replacing warm air.

Cold Front

40. What word describes the typical weather found in a region over a long period of time?

Climate

41. What term describes the density or force of air on things?

Air Pressure

42. What instrument is used to measure the amount of rain that has fallen in a given period?

Rain Gauge

43. Although they are functional, what is generally used for decoration?

Weather vanes

44. What percent of the earth’s water is in the oceans?

97%

45. The first known reference to an anemometer was given by whom in 1450?

Leon Battista Alberti

46. What is the only thing that can be a liquid, gas, or solid?

Water

47. Two-thirds of the earth is covered in what?

Water

48. What device is used to measure how cold or hot the air temperature is?

Thermometer

49. What term refers to the amount of moisture or water vapor in the air?

Humidity

50. What device is used to show what direction the wind is blowing?

Weather Vane

51. In 1714 who invented the first reliable thermometer?

Dutch scientist and inventor Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

52. In meteorology, what is an indicator of the likelihood of precipitation?

Humidity

53. The cooler air wedges under the less-dense warmer air, lifting it. True/ False?

True

54. What do you call the phase of the water cycle where water droplets become heavy enough to drop from the clouds?

Precipitation

55. What is the zone called where a warm mass of air is replacing cold air?

Warm Front

56. The weather may change daily, but what changes only over a very long period of time?

Climate

57. What changes from location to location causing air to move from areas of high pressure towards areas of low pressure?

Air pressure

58. There is the same amount of water on earth now as there was when dinosaurs roamed the earth. True/ False?

True

59. What do you call the phase of the water cycle whereby runoff water collects prior to evaporating back into the atmosphere?

Collection

60. A cold, dry wind from the north or northeast funneled over the Alps into southern France and Switzerland by pressure differences is called

Bise

61. What causes the Coriolis effect?

Earth’s rotation

62. What is associated with clouds and precipitation that minimize temperature changes throughout the day?

Low-pressure systems

63. What is normally associated with dry weather and mostly clear skies with larger diurnal temperature changes due to greater radiation at night and greater sunshine during the day?

High-pressure systems

64. A cold wind that blows over the northwest Mediterranean coast when pressure differences funnel it through the Rhone valley is called

Mistral

65. A cold, very strong, dry wind on the coast of the Adriatic Sea and northern Italy occurring when pressure is high over the Balkans and low over the Mediterranean is called

Bora

66. A summer wind in southeastern Australia that brings hot air from the outback to the cooler regions. Named either for the red dust it used to spread over Sydney from local brickworks, or the fact that it turned the soil as hard as bricks are called

Brickfielder

67. A cold wind from the south that follows the Brickfielder is called

Southerly Buster

68. A strong north-easterly wind in Siberia and Central Asia that is hot in the summer and freezing in the winter. It’s called the purga in the Arctic tundra and the Burga in Alaska is called

Buran

69. A hot, dry, dusty wind that moves air from the Sahara into northern Africa and Italy. Over the Mediterranean, it picks up moisture and becomes humid. Caused by a band of low pressure moving east across the southern Mediterranean is called

Sirocco

70. The Sirocco wind in Egypt. It’s the word for 50. The wind is said to blow for 50 days is called

Khamseen

71. The Sirocco wind in Libya is called

Gibli

72. The Sirocco wind in Malta. Pronounced “shlok.” is called

Xlokk

73. A föhn wind draws air up one side of a mountain, where it cools and sheds its moisture as precipitation, and then warms as it compresses coming down the other side of the mountain is called

Föhn wind

74. A Föhn wind that carries warmed air down the Rocky Mountains and quickly raises the temperature in the valley below. Cattle grazing depends on it because it melts the snow is called

Chinook

75. A Föhn wind that moves over the Sudeten Mountains into Germany and Poland. Apparently from a dialectal version of Matz, the surname of a shepherd who first identified its telltale cloud formation in the mountains is called

Moazagoatl

76. A Föhn wind that blows eastward over the Andes in Argentina is called

Zonda

77. A hot, whirling wind in the Sahara and Arabian Desert that plays a role in reshaping dunes; can move vast quantities of sand. From the Arabic for “poison.” is called

Samoon

78. The annual strong summer winds in the Aegean Sea resulting from a low-pressure trough in Asia that is part of Monsoon storm systems. Also called “meltemi” in Greek and Turkish is called

Etesians

79. The summer low-pressure areas in Asia also cause this northwesterly wind in Iraq that whips up sand and dust os called

Shamal

80. These winds blow from the northeast in the northern hemisphere and the southeast in the southern hemisphere toward low-pressure regions along the equator. They are reliable enough to plan trade routes around is called

Trade winds

81. Strong winds in Mexico due to high pressure over North America. They are intensified as they blow through mountain gaps such as the one at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec is called

Tehuantepecer

82. A stormy, cold wind that blows down the mountains in Alaska is called

Williwaw

83. A local whirling wind in Australia that raises small columns of dirt, or dust devils, from the ground, is called

Willy-willy

84. Deriving from Arabic, what wind refers to a violent dust storm or sandstorm in Sudan and desert regions?

Haboob

85. Related to Aeolus, the Greek keeper of the wind and king of the island of Aeolia, which wind is named?

Aeolian

86. What is a hot desert wind that blows northward from the Sahara toward the Mediterranean coast of Europe? More broadly, it is used for any kind of hot, oppressive wind?

Sirocco

87. What refers to a current of air that measures in the range of 32 to 63 miles per hour on the Beaufort scale?

Gale

88. What describes a sudden violent wind often accompanied by rain or snow?

Squall

89. Zephyr and Wuther are

Winds

90. The record for the most snowfall from a single storm in the U.S. belongs to

Mt. Shasta, California, where 189 inches fell from Feb. 13-19, 1959.

91. What is Santa Ana Wind?

In southern California, a weather condition in which strong, hot, dust-bearing winds descend to the Pacific Coast around Los Angeles from inland desert regions.

92. What are the Nacreous Clouds?

Clouds of unknown composition that have a soft, pearly luster and that form at altitudes about 25 to 30 km above the Earth’s surface. They are also called “mother-of-the-pearl clouds.”

93. What do nephrologists study?

Clouds – Meteorology.

94. In July 1923, what killed 23 people in Rostov Russia?

Giant Hailstones.

95. What’s the difference between fog and mist?

Seeing Distance under 1000 yards is mist.

96. There is one gallon of water in every cubic mile of what?

Fog

97. Raquel Welch was once a what?

Weathergirl.

98. In the United States each year there is an average of 708 what?

Tornados.

99. On the Beaufort scale, what is defined as force 11?

A Storm.

100. On average it rains 4 days a week in what European capital?

Amsterdam.

101. The coldest NFL football game ever played was the NFL Championship Game on December 31, 1967, in Green Bay, Wisconsin between

The Green Bay Packers and Dallas Cowboys when the temperature fell to -13F degrees.

102. Wind chillis the combination of wind and temperature and is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin such as that of a person or animal. True/ False

True

103. What is Virga?

The rain that doesn’t reach the ground.

104. The Campbell-Stokes recorder measures what with a glass ball?

Sunshine.

105. Cirrus is a cloud type, but what is its literal translation from Latin?

Lock of Hair.

106. What is measured on the Torro scale?

Tornados.

107. What type of bad weather can stop the play of a game of golf?

Only Lightning.

108. What is measured with an ombrometer?

Rainfall.

109. The Saffir-Simpson scale is used to measure the intensity of what?

Hurricanes.

110. Which is safest during a tornado?

In a ditch

111. Which kills more people every year?

Floods

112. Which type of cloud is highest in the atmosphere?

Cirrus

113. What line on a map connects places of equal rainfall?

Isohyat.

114. From the Arabic mawsim meaning season, what word is derived?

Monsoon.

115. What is the windiest place on earth?

Commonwealth Bay on the coast of Antarctica.

116. What does an anemometer measure?

Wind Speed.

117. Bognor Java gets on average 322 days annually with what occurrence?

Lightning strikes.

118. Technically they are hydrometeors, but what is a more common name for them?

Hailstones.

119. A 25 to 31 mph wind on the Beaufort scale is called what?

Strong Breeze.

120. On average, 10 inches of snow melts down to about an inch of liquid rain. True/ False

True

121. What are sprites, blur jets, and elves?

Thunderstorm electrical discharges

122. The costliest hurricane to make landfall was ________, a Category 5 storm that hit Louisiana in August of 2005. Damages cost an estimated $91 billion.

Hurricane Katrina

123. The earth’s atmosphere is made up of what percentage of krypton?

0.00005%

124. The energy in an average _______ could power the United States for three years.

One day hurricane

125. What percentage of the people killed by lightning are male?

85%

126. Although snow usually falls when the temperature near the ground is below freezing, there was once a report of snow showers at New York’s LaGuardia Airport with a surface temperature of what

47 degrees F

127. The thickest ice found in Antarctica is in _______, where it reaches a depth of 15,669 feet (4,776 meters ).

Wilkes Land

128. The warmest temperature recorded in Antarctica was what on January 5, 1974, at Vanda Station.

59 degrees F

129. A tornado that forms over water is called a Waterdevil. True/ False

False

130. Tefnut was the Egyptian goddess of what?

Rain

131. As the wind __________heat is carried away from the body at an accelerated rate, driving the body temperature down.

Increases

132. Which state averages about 16 snowstorms each year though only a few of those become all-out winter blizzards?

Minnesota

133. What are Ombrophobes afraid of?

Rain

134. What does a haboob create?

Sandstorm, it’s a desert wind.

135. What was the name of the first storm, on June 19, 1978, named after a man?

Bud

136. Cold air is heavier than warm air. True/ False?

True

137. On what day, the world record for a 1-minute rainfall total was set in the West Indies. 1.50 inches of rain fell in less than sixty seconds?

January 26, 1970.

138. To form golf-ball sized hail, a storm’s updraft must be:

70 mph

139. Winter of which year was so cold that ice was piled 20 feet high along the Delmarva Coast and stayed there until spring?

1779-1780

140. A person who studies the weather is called a

Meteorologist

141. A pogonip is what type of weather condition?

Heavy winter fog with ice crystals.

142. In 1848, The London Daily News carried the worlds first what?

Weather forecast.

143. What is maintenance-free, and after initial costs, the lights are free to run?

Solar outdoor lighting

144. The Minnesota towns of International Falla and Embarrass often win the

“nation’s icebox” designation

145. The National Weather Service issues what when sustained wind speeds of 30 mph or higher or gusts of 40 mph or higher are expected or occurring?

A wind advisory

146. What sometimes fall from clear skies when temperatures are in the single digits or colder?

Ice crystals

147. An eight on the Beaufort scale represents what?

A Gale.

148. Which type of cloud is most likely to produce rain?

Cumulus

149. What date was the warmest in a ten consecutive day period where the daytime temperature climbed above freezing? The mercury soared to 61 degrees?

Rockford, IL, Jan. 24, 1909

150. About what percent of death caused by exposure to cold (hypothermia), are to people over 60 years of age?

50% of deaths

151. Which place gets more rain than any other on an average each year?

Lloro, Colombia averages 523.6 inches of rain per year, more than possibly anywhere else on earth. Mawsynram, India comes in as a close second with 467.4 inches.

152. You would need to melt 20-40 inches of dry snow in order to equal one inch of rain. True/ False

True

153. Average precipitation in Antarctica is less than

2 inches per year

154. Which type of cloud produces lightning?

Cumulonimbus

155. The science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena is called

Meteorology

156. In which year the upper portion of the Chesapeake Bay and the entire Potomac River was frozen solid.

1779-1780

157. Which time of day is the best for tornado development?

3:00pm – 6:00pm

158. Tornadoes do not form in temperatures lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit. True/ False?

False

159. Where does the wind speed reaches hurricane force (74 mph) on average every three days and often exceed 200 mph?

Commonwealth Bay on the coast of Antarctica.

160. What is a wind that is created by air flowing downhill?

Katabatic Wind

161. A time of widespread glaciation in the prehistoric past is called

Ice Age

162. How much does a cloud weigh?

That depends on the size and type of cloud, but a 1 km x 1km x 1km (0.6 miles x 0.6 miles x0.6 miles) cumulus cloud weighs about 1.4 billion lbs.

169. What occurs routinely during the Arizona monsoon, reduce visibilities from unrestricted to less than 1/4 mile faster than any other meteorological event, presenting an extreme hazard to aviation and vehicular travel?

Violent dust storms (haboobs)

170. Where are surface temperatures always above 50F, there is snow. Between 1 and 2 feet of snow falls each year in the mountains above 5,000 feet?

In Hawaii

171. What is the US record for the most snowfall in one day? In a 24 hour period from April 14th to

April 15th in 1921, Silver Lake, Colorado was showered with 75.8 inches of snow.

172. What is the US record for the most snowfall in one calendar day?

Georgetown, Colorado. On December 4, 1913, 63 inches of snow blanketed the city.

173. What area has the highest recorded temperature on earth at a sweltering 58C (136.4F) on the 13th of Sept 1922?

Al’Aziziyah in Libya

174. The greatest United States cold wave of the 20th century occurred during which time?

January 1977.

175. What was the first use of the term as it pertained to weather – appeared in an Estherville, Iowa newspaper?

“blizzard”

176. The heaviest snowfalls usually occur when the air temperature is just below freezing, but it is possible to see snowflakes falling with temperatures in the upper 30s since it is much colder aloft where the snowflakes form. True/ False?

True

177. Lake Superior is so large that it create-

its own weather.

178. The Lake Superior maintains an average temperature of 39 degrees thus creating what natural weather itself?

A cooling effect in summer and a warming effect in winter.

179. The greatest 24-hour temperature decrease in the U.S. was 98 degrees; from 44 to -54 below zero in Browning, Montana in which year?

January 23-24, 1916

180. What is considered the driest area in the world?

The Atacama desert in Chile, receiving an average of 0.03 inches of rain per year. By comparison, the driest city in the U.S., Yuma, AZ, receives an average of 3.17 inches of rain per year–about 100 times as much!

181. How much is the annual cost of snow removal for streets and highways in the U.S.?

Estimated $2 billion.

182. What is El Nino?

El Nino refers to a warming of the Pacific Equatorial waters and a slackening of the Trade Winds over those waters. Fishermen in Peru noticed that once every several years, the waters would warm; the upwelling of cold water that brought nutrients to the fish would stop; the fish that fed on the nutrients would leave. They named it “El Nino” after the child, Jesus Christ, giving it a religious connotation because it seemed to occur around Christmas time.

183. What is La Nia?

A phase of ENSO, is a periodic cooling of surface ocean waters in the eastern tropical Pacific along with a shift in convection in the western Pacific further west than the climatological average. These conditions affect weather patterns around the world.

184. What part of the world sees more thunderstorms than any other?

The Island of Java, in Indonesia, has thunderstorms occurring an average of 322 days a year.

185. The ‘zero-point’ on whose scale was the lowest temperature he could attain with a mixture of ice, water, and salt?

German physicist Gabriel D. Fahrenheit in 1714

186. What never form within 5 degrees latitude of the equator?

Hurricanes, although the ocean waters near the equator do get warm enough to fuel hurricanes, the effect that the earth’s rotation has on winds and ocean currents, known as the Coriolis effect, is too weak near the equator for hurricanes to form.

187. Where is the air pressure is half of what it is at sea level?

Above 18,000 ft. in elevation. This means that twice as many breaths are required to supply the same amount of oxygen to the blood and we tire more easily when exerting ourselves at higher elevations.

188. The earth’s axis of rotation is tilted how much degrees off its orbital plane?

23.5 degrees

189. ‘Equinox’ is Latin for ‘equal night’ and refers to what?

The time of the year when the sun is directly above the equator. However, because the earth’s atmosphere bends the sun’s rays, most areas will have equal day and night several days before the equinox.

190. What is the world’s first weather satellite?

Tiros 1, was launched on April 1, 1960, and sent back thousands of images during its short life span of only 79 days.

191. What is Jet Stream?

Relatively strong winds concentrated in a narrow stream in the atmosphere, normally referring to horizontal, high-altitude winds.

192. General weather patterns (hot/cold, wet/dry) are related closely to the position, strength and orientation of the jet stream (or jet streams). True/ False?

True

193. How many thunderstorms occurs in The U.S. every year,

Over 100,000 with over 16 million taking place across the world in a year.

194. The percentage of energy from the sun that is reflected by a surface is known as what?

Albedo. The total albedo of the earth averages to about 30%, but can vary from about 10% for dry soil to as much as 85% for fresh snow.

195. A lightning strike was and killed all 11 members of one soccer team while leaving the opposing team in the match untouched, leading to accusations of witchcraft by the survivors?

The Democratic Republic of Congo

196. Who works with computer models, constantly adding new information to study the long-term changes in the atmosphere?

Climatologists

197. When it’s not including wind-driven rain, what is the speed of raindrops?

Raindrops fall between 7 and 18 miles per hour (3 and 8 meters per second) in still air. The range in speed depends on the size of the raindrop.

198. What is the cause that breaks up raindrops?

Air friction when they exceed 18 miles per hour

199. The temperature in Tampa Bay and Miami, Florida has never exceeded

100 degrees.

200. Lightning has been known to kill people talking on the telephone. True/ False?

True

201. Showery precipitation in the form of irregular pellets or balls of ice more than 5 mm in diameter, falling from a cumulonimbus cloud is called

Hail

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