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Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 276–194 BC) created the Sieve of Eratosthenes for finding prime numbers around the same period. Most people consider the third century BC to be the “Golden Age” of Greek mathematics, with subsequent achievements in pure mathematics showing a relative fall. However, in the centuries that followed, substantial improvements in applied mathematics—most notably in trigonometry—were produced, primarily in response to astronomers’ demands. Trigonometry is credited to Hipparchus of Nicaea (c. 190–120 BC), who compiled the earliest known trigonometric table and is also responsible for the discipline’s systematic usage of the 360-degree circle.

Heron of Alexandria, who lived between 10 and 70 AD, is credited with developing Heron’s formula for calculating the area of a scalene triangle and with being the first to hypothesize that negative integers may have square roots. Through Menelaus’ theorem, Menelaus of Alexandria (around 100 AD) invented spherical trigonometry. The Almagest of Ptolemy (c. AD 90-168), a significant astronomical book whose trigonometric tables would be utilized by astronomers for the following thousand years, is the most comprehensive and important trigonometric work of antiquity. Ptolemy is also credited for theorizing trigonometric quantities, as well as 3.1416, the most precise value discovered outside of China until the Middle Ages.

The time between 250 and 350 AD is frequently referred to as the “Silver Age” of Greek mathematics since it came after a period of stagnation following Ptolemy. In particular, Diophantus made great strides in indeterminate analysis, sometimes referred to as “Diophantine analysis,” during this time. Even now, there is a lot of research being done on Diophantine equations and approximations.

**Printable Maths Quiz with Answers**

**1. What’s a polygon with four unequal sides called?**

A quadrilateral

**2. What’s a flat image that can be displayed in three dimensions?**

A hologram

**3. What number does “Giga” stand for?**

One billion

**4. What digit did Arab mathematician al-Khwarizmi give to the West around 800 B/B.?**

Zero

**5. What word describes a number system with a base of two?**

Binary

**6. How many equal sides does an icosahedron have?**

Twenty

**7. What do mathematicians call a regular polygon with eight sides?**

An octagon

**8. 87+56=?**

143

### 9. How Many Sides Does A Nonagon Have?

9

**10. True or False? -2 Is An Integer.**

True

**11. True Or False? -4 Is A Natural Number.**

False

**12. 5 to the power of “0” equals what?**

1

**13. What Mathematical Symbol was determined by Whiz Ferdinand Von Lindemann in 1882?**

Pi

**14. What’s The Top Number Of A Fraction Called?**

The Numerator

**15. What’s A Polygon With Four Unequal Sides Called?**

A Quadrilateral

**16. Which Flat Image can be displayed In 3D?**

A Hologram

**17. What Number Does (Giga) Stand For?**

One Billion

**18. What revolutionary digit did Arab Mathematician Al-Khwarizmi determine in 800/B.B?**

Zero

**19. In a group of 120 people, 90 are above the age of 30, while the remaining people are under the age of 20. If a person is picked at random, what is the likelihood that their age is less than 20?**

0.25

**20. If length=4*width, If The Area Is 100 M2 What Is The Length Of The Rectangle?**

20 Meters

**21. A Six-Sided Die Is Rolled Once. What Is The Probability That The Number Rolled Is An Even Number Greater Than 2?**

1/3

**22. A Car Is Traveling 75 Kilometers Per Hour. How Many Meters Does The Car Travel In One Minute?**

1250 Meters/Minute

**23. Linda purchased furniture using 3/4 of her savings. She then purchased an air conditioner with half of her savings. What Were Her Original Savings If The A.C. Cost Her $300?**

$2400

**24. Round Off Value Of 78.25m To Nearest 10m Is**

78m

**25. Round Off the Value Of 348g To the Nearest 10g Is**

350g

**26. Round Off the Value Of 214g To the Nearest 100g Is**

200g

**27. Round Off the Value Of 6488 Cakes To the Nearest 100 Cakes Is**

6500

**28. By Evaluating the Following 170 – (+40) + (-50) +5 – (+20), Answer Will Be**

65

**29. Integers Between -3 And 2 Includes**

-2, -1, 0, 1

**30. Absolute Value Of Integers |-10| And |-12| Are**

10, 12

**31. Absolute Value Of Following Integers -5, -1, 0, 2, 4 In Descending Order Can Best be Expressed As**

5, 4, 2, 1, 0

**32. Josh Has Ten Sweets. Josh gave Philip 4 Candies, and Philip Gave Josh 2 Candies Back a Few Days Later. The total number of candies Josh has is**

8

**33. Sum Of -4, -6, -8, And 8 Is**

-10

**34. Sum Of 5 And -7 Is**

-2

**35. Ana has four stamps. She purchased an additional eight stamps, and Mary took two of Ana’s. Ana’s total number of stamps is**

10

**36. Sum Of -5 And -6 Is**

-11

**37. Considering Formula C = B²/A – B, Then If Value Of A = -20 And B = -10, Value Of C Is**

-10

**38. What mathematical symbol did math whiz Ferdinand von Lindemann determine to be a transcendental number in 1882?**

Pi

**39. What do you call an angle more than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees?**

Obtuse

**40. What’s the top number of a fraction called?**

The numerator

**41. What Greek math whiz noticed that the morning star and evening star were one and the same, in 530 B.C.?**

Pythagoras

**42. If the Profit And Loss (In Dollars) Of A Company Is -240, 120, And 600 Then the Final Amount (In Dollars) Is**

480

**43. Answer Of -68 + {40 + (-8) + (-6)} + 35 Is**

-7

**44. What T-word is defined in geometry as “a straight line that touches a curve but continues on with crossing it”?**

Tangent

**45. What geometrical shape forms the hole that fits an Allen wrench?**

The hexagon

**46. What number is an improper fraction always greater than?**

One

**47. What Is The Net Prime Number After 7?**

11

**48. The Perimeter Of A Circle Is Also Known As What?**

The Circumference

**49. Complete The Fibonacci Sequences 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34?**

55

**50. 7*9=?**

63

**51. Which Ancient Civilization did work in odd and even numbers and denoted odds as males and even as females?**

Chinese.

**52. Which is the most ancient? Fibonacci, Kaprekar, Mersenne, And Figurate.**

Figurate Number.

**53. Apart From The Number System, Ancient Indians Are Held In High Esteem For Their Contributions To The Field. What Is It?**

Determinate Equations.

**54. Who Wrote An Elaborate History Of Greek Geometry From Its Earliest Origins?**

Eudemus.

**55. Which Natural Phenomenon Was Employed In Ancient Times To Estimate The Heights Of Objects?**

Shadows Cast By The Sun.

**56. What Is The Next Prime Number After(3)?**

5

**57. There Are 6 Boxes Of pens In A Store. There Are 4 Pencils In Each Box. How Many Pencils Are In The Store?**

6 X 4 = 24 Pens

**58. How Many Seconds Are In One Day?**

24 X 3,600 = 86,400 Seconds In One Day

**59. A book was read by Julia in 20 days. For the first 15 days, she read 16 pages per day; for the final 5 days, she read 18 pages per day. Julia read how many pages?**

16 X 15 + 18 X 5 = 240 + 90 = 330

**60. Boxes with 8 candies each include 64 sweets in total. The number of boxes required is:**

8 Boxes

**61. If 6 Children Share 145 Sweets Equally, How Many Sweets Will Remain?**

145 = 6 X 24 + 1, 1 Sweet Remains.

**62. What Is N If 9 X N = 108**

12

**63. Product Of -2 X -3 X -(+4) X -2 Is**

48

**64. Product Of -8 And -12 Is**

96

**65. By Solving (-3 X -7 X 2) – (-4 X -2 X -3), the Answer Is**

66

**66. By Evaluating the Following +6 X (-5 X -4), Answer Will Be**

120

**67. Sonia and Negin have $27 in total. Sonia spends $12.35 on a shirt, and Negin spends $10.11 on a pair of sandals. How Much Cash Is Left?**

$4.54

**68. What Is The Value Of 5 + 2 • 15 + (12 • 4)?**

83

**69. What Is The Value Of P In 24 = 2p?**

P = 12

**70. What Is (65-30)=?**

35

**71. What Is (98-45)=?**

48

**72. A polygon with eight sides called?**

An Octagon

**73. Straight-line that touches a circle at a single point?**

Tangent

**74. Does the geometrical shape fit in Allen’s wrench?**

The Hexagon

**75. An Improper Fraction Always Greater than what number?**

One

**76. In Which Civilization Dot Patterns Were First Employed To Represent Numbers?**

Chinese.

**77. The Ancient Babylonians Had Their Number System Based On?**

60.

**78. Which famous number system was commonly employed in Various Ancient Civilizations?**

Five

**79. In Which Ancient Civilization introduced the representation of digits into words?**

Indian

**80. In Which Numerals X, M, V, L, Etc. Belong To?**

Roman Numerals

**81. What Is (25+24)-10=?**

39

**82. What Is (22*4) =?**

88

**83. What Is 5 Squared Equal To?**

25

**84. What Is The Square Root Of 36?**

6

**85. What Is 21*0=?**

0

**86. 5 To The Power 0 Equals What?**

1

**87. 17+14=?**

31

**88. What Is The Net Prime Number After 7?**

11

**89. What Does 3 Square Equal?**

9

**90. 21/7=?**

3

**91. Quadrilateral Whose Four Vertices Are Lied On Circumference Of Circle Is Called?**

Cyclic Quadrilateral

**92. What Is (15-7)=?**

8

**93. What Is The Square Root Of 81?**

9

**94. What Comes After Thousand?**

Ten Thousand

**95. What Does The Roman Numeral ( C ) Represent?**

One Hundred

**96. A number system with a base of 2 is called?**

Binary

**97. How Many Equal Sides Does An Icosahedron Have?**

Twenty

**98. What Is 25+23=?**

48

**99. True or False? All sides are equal in the Isosceles Triangle.**

False ( 2 Sides Are Equal)

**100. What Does 3 Squared Equal?**

9

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