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Any mathematics practiced by the peoples of Mesopotamia (now Iraq), from the time of the ancient Sumerians through the Hellenistic era and almost up to the advent of Christianity, is referred to as Babylonian mathematics. The old Babylonian period began a few hundred years into the second millennium BC, and the last few centuries of the first millennium BC was when the majority of Babylonian mathematics was created (Seleucid period). Because Babylon played a significant role as a center of learning, it was given the moniker Babylonian mathematics. Later, Mesopotamia, particularly Baghdad, rose to prominence as a hub for Islamic mathematics research throughout the Arab Empire.

The majority of the information about Babylonian mathematics comes from more than 400 clay tablets that have been discovered since the 1850s, as opposed to the limited number of sources for Egyptian mathematics. Tablets with Cuneiform writing were carved while the clay was still wet, then hardened in an oven or under the sun. Some of them seem like graded assignments. The ancient Sumerians, who established the earliest civilization in Mesopotamia, are responsible for the earliest examples of written mathematics. Beginning about 3000 BC, they created a sophisticated system of metrology. The Sumerians began writing multiplication tables on clay tablets circa 2500 BC, and they also dealt with division issues and geometrical exercises. This is also the timeframe for the earliest indications of Babylonian numerals.

Sexagesimal (base-60) numerals were used to represent mathematical concepts in Babylonian writing. The contemporary usage of the terms 60 seconds in a minute, 60 minutes in an hour, 360 (60 6) degrees in a circle, and seconds and minutes of arc to represent fractions of a degree all originate from this. The sexagesimal system was most likely chosen because 60 can be split in half equally by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, and 30. Additionally, the Babylonians, unlike the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, had a place-value system in which the numbers written in the left column corresponded to bigger values, similar to the decimal system.

## Maths Quiz Questions with Answers

#### 1. A recent online poll of 3,000 people by Alex Bellos found that around 10% of them chose seven, with three as the runner-up.

#### 2. 123 + 4 - 5 + 67 - 89 =

#### 3. 123 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 + 8 - 9 =

#### 4. If N = 0.999, then 10N =

#### 5. are the only primes that end in 2 or 5

#### 6. From 0 to 1,000, the letter "A" only appears in

#### 7. Adding up the numbers 1-100 consecutively (1+2+3+4+5...) gives you

#### 8. What's a polygon with four unequal sides called?

#### 9. What's a flat image that can be displayed in three dimensions?

#### 10. What number does "Giga" stand for?

#### 11. What digit did Arab mathematician al-Khwarizmi give to the West around 800 B/B.?

#### 12. A 'jiffy' is an actual unit of time. What does it mean?

#### 13. What is the only number in the English language that is spelled with the same number of letters as the number itself?

#### 14. What word describes a number system with a base of two?

#### 15. How many equal sides does an icosahedron have?

#### 16. What do mathematicians call a regular polygon with eight sides?

#### 17. How Many Sides Does A Nonagon Have?

#### 18. True or False? -2 Is An Integer.

#### 19. What is the only number with letters in alphabetical order, while "one" is the only one with letters in reverse order?

#### 20. True Or False? -4 Is A Natural Number.

#### 21. What is a whole number (not a fractional number) that can be positive, negative, or zero?

#### 22. -1.43, 1 3/4, 3.14, . 09, and 5,643.1. are examples of

#### 23. What is the whole number? give examples

#### 24. Negative numbers are not considered "whole numbers."

#### 25. All natural numbers are whole numbers, but not all whole numbers are natural numbers

#### 26. 5 To The Power Of 0 Equals What?

#### 27. Pi was determined by whom in 1882?

#### 28. What's The Top Number Of A Fraction Called?

#### 29. What's A Polygon With Four Unequal Sides Called?

#### 30. What number is associated with Japanese and Chinese cultures with 'death'?

#### 31. What has the largest area of any shape with the same perimeter?

#### 32. What also has the shorted perimeter of any shape with the same area?

#### 33. Who was the Greek father of maths, who used little rocks to represent equations and numbers?

#### 34. Calculus is the Ancient Greek word meaning

#### 35. The word "fraction" derives from

#### 36. Which Flat Image can be displayed In 3D?

#### 37. What Number Does (Giga) Stand For?

#### 38. What is the number K stands for?

#### 39. At sixes and nines, the result of the sum (6 × 9) + (6 + 9) is

#### 40. What revolutionary digit did Arab Mathematician Al-Khwarizmi determine in 800/B.B?

#### 41. N A Group Of 120 People, 90 Have An Age Of More 30 Years, And The Others Have An Age Of Less Than 20 Years. Find the probability that a person’s age is less than 20 if a person is chosen at random.

#### 42. Find The Quotient Of 144 And 12.

#### 43. What Is S If 6 X 4 = 3 X S?

#### 44. Round Off Value Of 348g To Nearest 10g Is

#### 45. Round Off Value Of 214g To Nearest 100g Is45.

#### 46.A Car Is Traveling 75 Kilometers Per Hour. How Many Meters Does The Car Travel In One Minute?

#### 47. Off Value Of 78.25m To Nearest 10m Is

#### 48. If length=4*width, If The Area Is 100 M2 What Is The Length Of The Rectangle?

#### 49. Round Off Value Of 6488 Cakes To Nearest 100 Cakes Is

#### 50. Integers Between -3 And 2 Includes

#### 51. Sum Of -4, -6, -8 And 8 Is

#### 52. Ana Has 4 Stamps. She Bought 8 Stamps More And Mary Borrowed Two Stamps From Ana. Total Number Of Stamps Ana Have Are

#### 53. Absolute Value Of Following Integers -5, -1, 0, 2, 4 In Descending Order Can Best be Expressed As

#### 54. If Profit And Loss (In Dollars) Of A Company Is -240, 120 And 600 Then Final Amount (In Dollars) Is

#### 55. Pythagoras.

#### 56. What Is The Net Prime Number After 7?

#### 57. What mathematical symbol did math whiz Ferdinand von Lindemann determine to be a transcendental number in 1882?

#### 58. What number is an improper fraction always greater than?

#### 59. The Perimeter Of A Circle Is Also Known As What?

#### 60. Which is the most ancient? Fibonacci, Kaprekar, Mersenne, And Figurate.

#### 61. What do you call an angle more than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees?

#### 62. Apart From The Number System, Ancient Indians Are Held In High Esteem For Their Contributions To The Field. What Is It?

#### 63. Which Natural Phenomenon Was Employed In Ancient Times To Estimate The Heights Of Objects?

#### 64. What Is The Next Prime Number After(3)?

#### 65. How Many Seconds Are In One Day?

#### 66. 64 Sweets Are Put In Boxes That Contain 8 Sweets Each. How Many Boxes Are Needed?

#### 67. Product Of -8 And -12 Is

#### 68. Polygon with eight sides called?

#### 69. In Which Civilization Dot Patterns Were First Employed To Represent Numbers?

#### 70. The Ancient Babylonians Had Their Number System Based On

#### 71. Which famous number system was commonly employed in Various Ancient Civilizations?

#### 72. In Which Numerals X, M, V, L, Etc. Belong To?

#### 73. What Is (22*4) =?

#### 74. 5 To The Power 0 Equals What?

#### 75. What Is The Net Prime Number After 7?

#### 76. What Is 5 Squared Equal To?

#### 77. How many seconds make an hour?

#### 79. 17+14=?

#### 80. An Improper Fraction Always Greater than what number?

#### 81. What Is The Value Of 5 + 2 • 15 + (12 • 4)?

#### 82. Geometrical shape fit in Allen wrench?

#### 83. Product Of -2 X -3 X -(+4) X -2 Is

#### 84. Julia Read A Book In 20 Days. She Read 16 Pages Every Day For The First 15 Days, And 18 Pages Everyday For The Last 5 Days. How Many Pages Did Julia Read?

#### 85. Straight line that touches a circle at a single point?

#### 86. Considering Formula C = B²/A - B, Then If Value Of A = -20 And B = -10, Value Of C Is

#### 87. Which Ancient Civilization did work in odd and even numbers and denoted odds as males and even as females?

#### 88. Altogether, Sonia And Negin Have $27.00. Sonia Buys A Shirt For $12.35 And Negin Buys A Pair Of Sandals For $10.11. How Much Money Remains?

#### 89. Who Wrote An Elaborate History Of Greek Geometry From Its Earliest Origins?

#### 90. What geometrical shape forms the hole that fits an Allen wrench?

#### 91. Absolute Value Of Integers |-10| And |-12| Are

#### 92. What geometrical shape forms the hole that fits an Allen wrench?

#### 93. Complete The Fibonacci Sequences 0,1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21,34?

#### 94. If 6 Children Share 145 Sweets Equally, How Many Sweets Will Remain?

#### 95. What T-word is defined in geometry as "a straight line that touches a curve but continues with crossing it"?

#### 96. By Solving (-3 X -7 X 2) - (-4 X -2 X -3), Answer Is

#### 97. By Evaluating Following +6 X (-5 X -4), Answer Will Be

#### 98. What Is N If 9 X N = 108

#### 99. Linda Spent 3/4 Of Her Savings On Furniture. She Then Spent 1/2 Of Her Remaining Savings On A A.C. If The A.C Cost Her $300, What Were Her Original Savings?

#### 100. What's the top number of a fraction called?

Because fractions could be represented in the Babylonian notational system just as readily as whole numbers, multiplying two numbers that contained fractions was equivalent to multiplying integers, just like it is in current notation. The Babylonians had the greatest notational system of any culture up to the Renaissance, and because of this, they were able to attain astounding computing precision; for instance, the Babylonian tablet YBC 7289 provides an estimate of 2 that is exact to five decimal places. However, because the Babylonians lacked a sign for the decimal point, it was sometimes necessary to deduce the place value of a symbol from its context. The Babylonians created a zero symbol for vacant places by the time of the Seleucids, although it was only used in intermediate locations. Due to the absence of the zero sign at terminal places, the Babylonians came close to creating a genuine place value system but fell short.

Fractions, algebra, quadratic and cubic equations, and the computation of regular numbers and their reciprocal pairings are further topics addressed by Babylonian mathematics. A remarkable accomplishment for the time, the tablets also contain techniques for solving linear, quadratic, and cubic problems as well as multiplication tables. The Pythagorean theorem was first expressed on tablets that date to the Old Babylonian era. However, unlike Egyptian mathematics, Babylonian mathematics has no understanding of the distinction between precise and approximative solutions, the solvability of a problem, or, more significantly, the necessity for proofs or logical principles.

Mathematics written in the Egyptian language is referred to as Egyptian mathematics. Greek began to take the place of Egyptian as the written language of Egyptian scholars throughout the Hellenistic era. After Arabic was adopted as the written language of Egyptian intellectuals, mathematics was still being studied in Egypt under the Arab Empire as a branch of Islamic mathematics. According to archeological data, Sub-Saharan Africa may have served as the genesis region for the Ancient Egyptian numbering system. Additionally, Egyptian architecture and cosmological symbols feature fractal geometric patterns, which are common in Sub-Saharan African civilizations.

The Rhind papyrus, which is often sometimes called the Ahmes papyrus for its author, is the most comprehensive Egyptian mathematical treatise. It is dated to around 1650 BC, but it is most likely a copy of an earlier work from the Middle Kingdom, which lasted from around 2000–1800 BC. It is a textbook with instructions for geometry and algebra. It also contains evidence of other mathematical knowledge, such as composite and prime numbers, arithmetic, geometric, and harmonic means, and simplified understandings of both the Sieve of Eratosthenes and perfect number theory, in addition to providing area formulas and methods for multiplying, dividing, and working with unit fractions (namely, that of the number 6). Additionally, it demonstrates how to resolve arithmetic and geometric series as well as first-order linear equations.

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