100 World Geography Quiz Questions and Answers GK Trivia

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World geography quiz questions and answers

1. What is Yergeni?

Mountain range in Russia

2. What is the most dangerous waterway in the world?

The Great Blue Hole, Belize

3. Within four square miles of tropical rainforest, you will find how many types of trees?


4. Which is the second largest river in Europe?

Danube River

5. Which water Currents are not influenced by the wind?

Deep-water Currents

6. What is the smallest soil particle?

Clay particles

7. Horseshoe Lake is located in which US state?


8. Geomorphology is a part of geography. T/F?


9. What is the longest river in Saudi Arabia?

Wadi al-Rummah

10. What is the moon’s soil made of?

(1) rock fragments, (2) mineral grains, and (3) glass particles

11. It is so big that if it were a country, it would be the ninth biggest in the world – what?

The Amazon rainforest

12. Valley of Flowers is located in which country?


13. What is the second-highest and second-most prominent mountain in Europe, after Mount Elbrus?

Mont Blanc

14. What are small clusters of soil called?


15. What is the smallest river in Russia?


16. Which currents are currents that move from deep in the ocean heading towards the surface?


17. Similar to how many football fields worth of rainforest are being cut down each and every day?

More than 80,000 football fields

18. The warmer the air is, the more ____ it can ‘hold’.


19. What is the amount of water in clay soil?

175 to 250 (mm/m)

20. What’s the biggest valley in the United States?

Central Valley

21. What is Nenets Autonomous Okrug?

A flat tundra (Bolshezemelskaya Tundra) with several hill chains like Pay-Khoy Ridge

22. What is the lowest layer of the soil?


23. Tropical rainforests are the habitat of how many of our planet’s terrestrial animal species?

More than half

24. The White Sea is a southern inlet of which sea?

The Barents Sea

25. What is Novaya Zemlya?

Arctic archipelagos

26. Gravity is a cause of ocean currents. T/F?


27. Which country has the highest plateau?


28. The entire U.S., including Alaska and Hawaii, measures how many square miles?

3.797 million

29. Which crater is a cinder cone that erupted about 1,000 years ago?

Sunset crater

30. How many of 4 people globally depend on forests for their livelihoods?

1 out of 4

31. Sea anemones are what?

The marine, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria

32. What are the Kazakh Uplands, or the Kazakh Hummocks in Kazakhstan?

Temperate grasslands

33. Which is the second largest Valley in Asia?

Sandhan Valley

34. What is the average elevation of the Tibetan Plateau?

More than 4,500 meters (14,764 feet)

35. What is Puy de Sancy?

Mountain in France

36. Which volcanoes are tall, steep cones that produce explosive eruptions?

Composite volcanoes

37. At 100 feet (30 meters) in the ocean, divers experience what, a drunk-like state caused by gases at high pressure?

Nitrogen narcosis

38. What is a coastal ecosystem in the upper coastal intertidal zone between land and open saltwater or brackish water that is regularly flooded by the tides?

A salt marsh or saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh

39. What is the length of the Red River of the South?

1,360 miles

40. What minerals are found in the plateau?

Iron ore, coal, manganese, bauxite, and mica

41. According to FAO what percent of the world’s population, relies on forest resources for their livelihoods?

more than 25%

42. On what date, the high temperatures soared to 112 degrees, the highest ever recorded at Rockford?

14th July 1936

43. Which supervolcano is most likely to erupt?


44. The Deccan plateau is located in which country?


45. Which river passes through Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia?

Congo River

46. How many people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection?

Over half a billion

47. What is black soil called?


48. How much is the Alps mountain range stretching?

Approximately 1,200 km

49. The average temperature of the tropical rainforest remains between what?

70 and 85° F

50. Wild emus can be found in which desert?

Pinnacles Desert

51. Where is oxbow lake found?

River valley

52. Which river flows in the Valdai plateau of Russia?


53. Which plains are formed when substances are deposited from rivers, glaciers, waves, and wind?

Depositional plains

54. Which desert located further inland in Western Australia and South Australia?

Great Victoria Desert

55. What is the length of the Shanay-Timpishka (the Boiling River), Peru?

4 miles

56. Taal Volcano is located in which country?


57. What is a narrow gully with a steep gradient in mountainous terrain?

A couloir

58. The ‘green flash’ is a rare optical phenomenon usually seen over the ocean on clear days. T/F?


59. What desert is located in Southern Africa along the Atlantic Ocean coastline?

Namib Desert

60. Cuckmere Haven in Sussex, England contains a widely meandering river with many what?

Oxbow lakes

61. Which is the highest plateau in Asia?

Tibetan Plateau

62. Which country in the world has no river?


63. Don River inflows from which sea?

Sea of Azov

64. What is a collection of broken rock fragments at the base of crags, mountain cliffs, volcanoes or valley shoulders?


65. Death Valley, one of the hottest spots in the world, is located in which desert?

Mojave Desert

66. Which plains are plains that experience periodic flooding or just occasional flooding?

Flood plains

67. What is a meander?

A mender is a curve in a river

68. Which two states have record highs no greater than 100 degrees?

These are Alaska and Hawaii

69. What are shoreline formations made up of various grades of sediment in an arc pattern?

Beach cusps

70. What is the driest desert on the North American continent?

Mojave Desert

71. A large dune complex is called a what?

Dune field

72. Kern River is located in which country?


73. In geography and geology, what is an area of rock that has a general angle defined by the vertical, or nearly vertical?

A cliff

74. What is a large, near-symmetric pyramidal peak in the extended Monte Rosa area of the Pennine Alps?


75. What is the line called that forms the boundary between the coast and a major body of water?

The coastline

76. Which is the most fertile and largest delta in the world?

Ganges–Brahmaputra–Meghna River Delta

77. What is the length of the Potomac River, USA?

405 mile

78. What is an area of land adjacent to a river that stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls?

A floodplain or flood plain or flood-plain

79. Gansu oasis is located in which area?

Gobi Desert

80. An elongated low area often running between hills or mountains is called what?


81. Sea of Azov sea is bounded in the northwest by which country, and in the southeast by Russia?


82. What is the elevation of the Jungfrau summit in Switzerland?

4,158 m

83. Which plains are formed when glaciers move across land and the force of gravity creates the large flat surface?

Glacial plains

84. The Gobi desert is Asia’s second-largest desert after what?

The Arabian desert

85. What are the 3 types of coral?

fringing, barrier, and atoll

86. Which river passes through Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam?

Meklong river

87. According to a United Nations atlas, what percent of all people live within 150 km (93 mi) of the sea?


88. Very narrow, deep valleys of similar appearance are called what?


89. Franz Josef Glacier is located on which coast of New Zealand?

West Coast

90. Most of our _____ are located in subtropical regions around the Tropics of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn


91. What is a headland in the Greenland Sea, in Sermersooq municipality?

Cape Nansen

92. Valley of the Ten Peaks is located in which country?


93. What is a natural submerged ridge, bank, or bar that consists of, or is covered by, sand or other unconsolidated material and rises from the bed of a body of water to near the surface?


94. The southern latitude is called what?

Tropic of Capricorn

95. A sandy isthmus is called what?

A tombolo

96. What is an indentation of a shoreline, usually long and narrow, such as a small bay or arm?

An inlet

97. Which coastline occurs where bands of different rock types run perpendicular to the coast.

A discordant coastline

98. Which desert in Asia was formed by the former eastern basin of the Aral Sea in Uzbekistan?

Aralkum Desert

99. What is a fertile low-lying grassy plain found on part of the northwest coastlines of Ireland and Scotland?

A machair

100. Which Russian hills is running north-south, about midway between Saint Petersburg and Moscow?

Valdai Hills

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