100 General Knowledge Questions and Answers in Geography

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General knowledge questions and answers in geography

1. Twelve Apostles is a travel attraction in which country?

Australia

2. Valdai upland region is located in which country?

Russia

3. What are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe?

The Alps

4. What are the forests that receive a high amount of rainfall?

Rainforests

5. What is threatened mainly by the overuse of water and climate change?

Deserts

6. What are Upwelling, and Downwelling in water?

Vertical Currents

7. An explosive eruption may create what, a large hole into which the mountain collapses?

Caldera

8. The Yenisei River starts in which country and flows through Russia to the Kara Sea in the Arctic Ocean?

Mongolia

9. Which plains are those that have been created by erosion due to glaciers, wind, running water, and rivers?

Erosional plains

10. What is the total area of the White Sea in Russia?

90,000 km²

11. What is the highest mountain in the Alps and Western Europe, rising 4,808 m above sea level?

Mont Blanc

12. Which is the oldest plateau in the world?

Deccan plateau

13. The pinnacles in which national park are limestone pillars and some reach up to 3.5 m/ 11.5 ft in height?

Nambung National Park, Australia

14. The rainfall gets at least 250cm and can reach up to 400-450 inches in one year in where?

Tropical rainforest

15. You can fit all of Everest in which part of the Mariana Trench and still have around 7,169 feet (2,185 meters) left to go?

Challenger Deep

16. Where is Bolshaya Muksalma located?

Island in the White Sea

17. Courmayeur city, Italy is located in which valley?

Aosta Valley

18. Where do you find the Red sand dunes?

In the Namib Desert, around Soussousvlei

19. What is the other basin country of the Barents Sea, other than Russia?

Norway

20. The highest point in the Timan Ridge, Russia is what?

Chetlassky Kamen

21. Which river flows through Russia, China, and Mongolia on its way to the Gulf of Ob?

Ob, Irtysh

22. What are the most common type of volcanoes?

Cinder cones

23. The average temperatures range from 38°C (during the day) to -3.9°C (during the night)- where?

Desert

24. Which planet has plains named ‘Sedna Planitia’?

Venus

25. What is “the martini effect”?

The Martini Effect is a slang term used in scuba diving to refer to nitrogen narcosis, the physical and mental impairment experienced by scuba divers on deeper dives

26. Which Plateau is rich in black soil?

Deccan plateau

27. Which rainforests are the ones that are most commonly found around the world?

Tropical

28. What is Franz Josef Land?

Arctic archipelagos

29. The plain stretches from Florida to Nova Scotia, is a type of what?

Coastal plains

30. Which Highway runs through the Panamint Valley in the Mojave Desert?

The US Highway 190

31. What is a small type of bay or coastal inlet called?

A cove

32. Which country alone has around 3.5 million miles of rivers?

The United States

33. Within four square miles of tropical rainforest, you will find how many flowering plant species?

1500

34. Big differences in daily temperatures are experienced in which geographical feature?

Deserts

35. Which Plateau is known as the Roof of the World?

Tibetan Plateau

36. The world’s largest artificial forest will stretch over 4,800 km/ 2,982 miles across the northern part in which country?

China

37. Which plains result when lava creates sheets over time, eventually yielding rich soil?

A lava plain

38. What percent of all life on earth lives in the ocean?

About 95 percent

39. Over how many types of plants that you find in the rainforest can be used to help aide in cancer treatment?

2000 types

40. Moon Valley is located in which area?

Atacama Desert

41. An area with dunes is called a what?

Dune system, or a dune complex.

42. What is Kola and the Kanin?

Peninsula in Russia

43. Amur river flows through Russia, China, and Mongolia and ends where?

At the Sea of Okhotsk

44. What is also the hottest of all the deserts on our planet?

Sahara Desert

45. Where is the Massif Central located?

Highland in France

46. The Drake Passage is located in which continent?

Antarctica

47. Kuban River inflows from which sea?

Sea of Azov

48. What percent of the world’s forests are in underdeveloped or developed countries around the world?

90%

49. A desert is a region that receives less than how much rain per year?

25 cm/10 inches

50. What links La Garita Caldera, Lake Toba, Cerro Guacha, and Yellowstone Caldera?

Supervolcanoes

51.The word sahra in Arabic means what in English?

‘desert’

52. Is it the largest delta in the world?

Ganges Delta

53. What is Shanay-Timpishka?

the Boiling River in Peru

54. What is the coastline called that has experienced a fall in sea level, because of either a global sea-level change, or local uplift?

Emergent coastlines

55. Tropical rainforests cover how much of Earth’s area?

Less than 3%

56. Valleys produced by tectonic action are called what?

Rift valleys

57. What is a natural rock formation where an arch has formed with an opening underneath?

A natural arch, natural bridge, or rock arch

58. Which river passes through Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Niger, Nigeria, and Mali?

Niger river

59. Trees in what location are so dense that it takes approximately 10 minutes for the rainfall to reach the ground from the canopy?

Tropical rainforests

60. A coastline’s exact perimeter cannot be determined; this measurement challenge is called what?

The coastline paradox

61. There are hot deserts such as the Sahara Desert and cold desserts such as what?

The Gobi Desert

62. Khumbu Valley is located in which country?

Nepal

63. The current name of which sea is after the historical Dutch navigator Willem Barentsz?

Barents Sea

64. What is a coastal inlet formed by the partial submergence of an unglaciated river valley/

A ria

65. Which river passes through Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe?

Zambezi River

66. What is an accumulation of sediments shaped like a section of a shallow cone, with its apex at a point source of sediments?

An alluvial fan

67. About what percent of the flowers found in Australian rainforests are not found anywhere in the world?

80%

68. What is a quantity of rock that has fallen freely from a cliff face?

A rockfall or rock-fall

69. The Matterhorn is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between which two countries?

Switzerland and Italy

70. Kaghan Valley is located in which country?

Pakistan

71. The largest desert cities are Cairo in Egypt and what?

Lima in Peru

72. Rolling sand dunes as these in the Sahara desert are only found in about what percent of the world’s desert areas?

10%

73. What is Jungfrau?

Summit in Switzerland

74. What makes up the majority of living creatures in the tropical rainforest?

Insects

75. The coral reef biome is located within the ocean but is separate from the ocean biome. T/F?

True

76. Deserts are found on all seven continents. T/F?

True

77. What is the biggest valley on Earth?

Rift Valley

78. How many tropics are there in the world?

Three

79. Reef-building corals grow poorly below what depth?

60–90 feet (18–27 meters)

80. Which is the longest river in Russia?

Lena

81. Where is a Valley girl from?

San Fernando Valley

82. How many people live in the desert regions of our Earth?

About one billion

83. Which river is in Saputara, Gujrat, India?

Ambika

84. The term ‘hurricane’ is derived from Huracan, who is he?

A Carib god of evil

85. Approximately what percent, are located in developing countries?

57%

86. Weisshorn Peak is located in which country?

Switzerland

87. There are some tropical rainforests that have been around since dinosaurs roamed the Earth. T/F?

True

88. What is Eyjafjallajokull?

Volcano in Iceland

89. Where does Volga River start and end?

Caspian Sea

90. Rainbow Reef is located in which country?

Fiji

91. Plains existing on other planets are referred to as what?

‘planitia’

92. The Jacob’s Well is located in which US state?

Texas

93. How many different vine species are there in the tropical rainforest?

Over 2,500

94. Arid comes from the Latin word aridus and means what?

Dry

95. What is the largest caldera on earth?

Apolaki Caldera

96. What is about “Life below water” and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015?

Sustainable Development Goal 14

97. Red River of the South is located in which country?

USA

98. A lake inside a rainforest on the Caribbean island of Dominica sizzles at around what temperature?

88°C

99. Mount Nyiragongo is a volcano located in which country?

Congo

100. Which is the longest river in Europe?

Volga River

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