100 Geography General Knowledge Quiz Questions with Answers

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Geography general knowledge quiz with answers

1. What is the shortest river in Europe?

Aril river

2. How old is the Deccan plateau?

60 to 68 million years old

3. Most deserts consist of sandy or rocky soil or salt flats. T/F?

True

4. How many rivers are on earth?

76

5. Which soil is found in the Deccan plateau?

Black Soils

6. The Great Blue Hole is located in which country?

Belize

7. Rainforests only cover around what percent of the total surface area of the Earth?

2%

8. What type of dirt is on the moon?

Regolith

9. What is the edge of a plateau called?

Escarpment

10. What is the space between the soil particles called?

Pores

11. Which element is most on the moon?

Oxygen (41-45%)

12. A lot of people think that rivers always flow south, but 4 of the 10 longest rivers in the world flow to which direction?

North

13. How deep is the soil layer on Earth?

5 to 10 inches

14. Which soil has more water holding capacity?

Soils with smaller particles (silt and clay)

15. Rainforests only cover about what percent of the Earth‘s land surface?

6%

16. Why doesn’t the Moon have an atmosphere?

Moon doesn’t have an atmosphere because it is too small and doesn’t have a strong magnetic field

17. Four of the top 10 longest rivers flow through which country at some point?

Russia, China

18. What is the moon’s temperature?

When sunlight hits the moon’s surface, the temperature can reach 260 degrees Fahrenheit (127 degrees Celsius). When the sun goes down, temperatures can dip to minus 280 F (minus 173 C). There are also no seasons on the Moon.

19. The Deccan plateau is located in which country?

India

20. What are the smallest volcanoes and result from accumulation of many small fragments of ejected material?

Cinder cones

21. Why is moondust so fine?

Lunar dust is fine, as a powder, but it cuts like glass

22. What links The O-Horizon, The A-Horizon, The E-Horizon, The B-Horizon, and The R-Horizon?

Layers of soil

23. Rainforests only cover about what percent of all known species of the plants and animals on the earth live in the rainforest?

50%

24. Which plains are created by rivers that deposit materials that yield soil?

Alluvial plains

25. The Sahara Desert covers most parts of North Africa and is similar in size to the land area of what countries together?

The USA or China

26. The Atlantic Ocean is known to have higher sea surface salinity (SSS) than the Pacific Ocean at all latitudes. T/F?

True

27. Which currents are responsible for redistributing heat at a planetary scale?

Surface currents

28. Which ocean is the least salty?

The Arctic Ocean

29. Nile is located in the continent of Africa, mostly in the countries of Egypt, and what?

Sudan

30. What plains is one which was originally the bottom of a lake?

Lacustrine plain

31. Which forests are found on all of the different continents, except for Antarctica?

Rainforests

32. Which coastline occurs where beds, or layers, of differing rock types are folded into ridges that run parallel to the coast?

A concordant, longitudinal, or Pacific

33. What is the largest shield volcano on Earth?

Mauna Loa Volcano in Hawaii (in the background)

34. Which desert has grown more than 10% in the last century due to climate change and other natural climatic variations?

The Sahara Desert

35. What is a narrow inlet, usually on a rocky shoreline, and is formed by differential erosion of those rocks by coastal wave action?

A surge channel

36. How many types of rainforests are there, and they include both temperate and tropical?

Two

37. The Surface currents, therefore, form rotating systems in the middle of the ocean systems, called what?

Gyres

38. What of our freshwater is found in tropical rainforests?

A fifth

39. What is the part of a sea, lake, or river that is close to the shore?

The littoral zone or nearshore

40. what is the world’s largest hot desert?

The Sahara Desert

41. Half Moon Lake in downtown Eau Claire is a what type of lake?

Oxbow lake

42. Which plain is an area of the ocean basin which could be flat or sloping very gently?

An abyssal plain

43. The Valdai Hills in Russia is a popular tourist destination, particularly for what?

fishing

44. What is an accumulation of unconsolidated debris, sometimes referred to as glacial till that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions?

A moraine

45. What is the elevation of the Mont Blanc?

4,809 m

46. What amount of natural medicines have been discovered in rainforests?

About 1/4

47. What is a relatively flat, horizontal, or gently inclined surface of marine origin?

A raised beach, coastal terrace, or perched coastline

48. What is the length of the Parana River, passing through Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay?

3,030 miles

49. Which delta is known as Sundarban?

Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna river delta shared by India and Bangladesh

50. What is the largest desert in Australia?

Great Victoria Desert

51. what percent or more of the plants that are used to treat cancer are found only in the tropical rainforests on the planet?

70%

52. Which word is usually used at night to describe less than 3/8 opaque clouds, no precipitation, no extremes of visibility, temperature or winds?

Fair

53. The Pinnacles Desert is located in the Western part of which country?

Australia

54. What typically takes the form of a mound, ridge, or hill?

Dune

55. Which country in Africa has no river?

Comoros

56. Deep-water Currents are Horizontal currents. T/F?

True

57. There was around how much area of rainforest in the beginning?

6 million square miles, now it’s less than half

58. If you were to get a cut past 32.8 feet (10 meters) in the ocean, your blood would look what color?

Dark green

59. Sakurajima volcano is located in which country?

Japan

60. The Namib stretches from which country through Namibia towards South Africa over 2,000 km/ 1,200 miles?

Angola

61. A large volcanic crater, especially one formed by a major eruption leading to the collapse of the mouth of the volcano is called what?

Caldera

62. Timan Ridge is a Highland in which country?

Russia

63. Which country has the longest coastline in Africa?

Somalia

64. What is the sunniest city in the United States?

Yuma, AZ, receives 90% of possible sunshine each year.

65. In Antarctica, which currents pump nitrogen and phosphates up from the deep sea to blooms of algae and other plants?

Upwelling currents

66. What is the largest city in the Mojave desert?

Las Vegas with roughly 3 million people

67. What are geographical features found on coastlines and lakeshores that are created primarily by longshore drift?

Cuspate forelands, also known as cuspate barriers or nesses in Britain

68. What country has no lakes?

Saudi Arabia

69. Some coasts fronts on the open ocean and are called what?

Pelagic coast

70. Coriolis effect is a cause of ocean currents. T/F?

True

71. The Mojave Desert is located in which country?

USA

72. What is the length of the Rio Tinto river, Spain?

62 miles

73. What is the optimum tmparature for the Coral reefs to grow best?

70–85° F or 21–29° C

74. The Northern latitude is called what ?

Tropic of Cancer

75. Russians knew the Barents Sea in the Middle Ages as what?

The Murman Sea

76. Which cape is named after Fridtjof Nansen?

Cape Nansen (Greenland)

77. The White Sea is a southern inlet of the which sea located on the northwest coast of Russia?

Barents Sea

78. Katanga plateau is located in which country?

Congo

79. What is the Parent range of Matterhorn mountain in Europe?

Pennine Alps

80. The Great Green Wall project aims to combat the desertification by planting 88 billion of fast growing trees in which desert?

Gobi Desert

81. Montjuïc is a hill in which city in Spain?

Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

82. What is the length of the Kern River, USA?

164 miles

83. What is the breaking down of rocks, soils, and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with water, atmospheric gases, and biological organisms?

Weathering

84. What is the highest mountain in Austria?

Grossglockner

85. Which ocean is saltiest?

Atlantic Ocean

86. How many Alpaline countries are there?

Eight

87. What is Kosa Biryuchyy Ostrov?

Island in the Sea of Azov

88. In geology, what is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier?

A fjord or fiord

89. Potomac River is located in which country?

United States

90. Lötschental Valley is located in Which country?

Switzerland

91. Which desert is known as the driest (non-polar) desert in the world?

Atacama Desert

92. The three main types of valleys are what?

The V-shaped valley,
The flat-floored valley, and
The U-shaped valley

93. What is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea?

Sea of Azov

94. Yellow river end where?

At the Bohai Sea

95. Yosemite Valley is located in which country?

USA

96. Composite, shield, cinder cones, and supervolcanoes are what?

The main types of volcanoes

97. Which desert formed in the 1960s in Uzbekistan when the irrigation area drained the waters from the Aral lake?

Aralkum Desert

98. What is the process of erosion that occurs during rock collision and transportation?

Attrition

99. The Lena River flows through Russia on its way to the Laptev Sea in which ocean?

Arctic Ocean

100. What involves the processes that cause the wearing away of the Earth’s surface by moving water, by ice, by wind, and by waves?

Denudation

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